Worried about bunions? You need to read this now!

What exactly are bunions?
A bunion, also known as Hallux Valgus Deformity (HAV), is a progressive disease that commonly affects females more than males. Bunions will occur at the base of the big toe joint. Typically, it has been found that the big toe moves slowly towards the second toe. As a result of the changes to the big toe’s position, a bump will develop on the side of the base of the big toe. Quite often the skin becomes thicker and as a result of this you may find the surrounding tissues may become inflamed, swollen and painful.

Some individuals find that their bunions cause no symptoms while other do. Bunions are not only limited to the big toe joint but can also develop on the little toe (5th toe) which is known as a Tailors Bunion.

What causes Bunions to occur?
While the cause of the development of bunions is often unclear, it has been though that genetics plays a contribution. Typically, poor foot biomechanics is often considered as a genetic component passed down from family members. Due to over pronation occurring and other abnormal foot biomechanics it is thought, the instability of the Metatarsal Phalangeal Joint (MTPJ) can result in muscle imbalance, over prolonged periods of time. Thus allowing the bunion to further progress.

A person that has one leg longer than the other, known as a Limb Length Discrepancy, may find their longer leg over-pronates causing the development of the bunion. Other causes that may contribute to bunions becoming painful and swollen can include poor footwear choices such as shoes that are too tight and narrow. In some rare cases Neuromuscular Disease and trauma may also be a contributing factor.

Those who develop bunions, may find that they experience difficulty walking due to increased levels of pain as a result of inflammation and swelling at the base of the toes. Over time you may notice that the entire forefoot (front of the foot) becomes wider with increase in bunion size. This results in difficulty and the inability to find shoes that fit comfortably. In severe cases the big toe can deviate so much that it leads to deformity of the 2nd toe by pushing it out of place.

It is important to note that there are varying degrees of severity of each individual’s bunions. In saying this there are multiple types of treatments available both conservative and surgical that can be provided.

If you have been experiencing any signs of bunions or have already been diagnosed and require an appropriate treatment come as see one of our friendly Podiatrist’s at Medical Pedicure today for an assessment. You can book your appointment by calling on 8645 9888 or alternatively book online here.

Image Reference:
Foot Advice – Bunion Development
GHK – Feet


or Call us on 03 8645 9888


Melissa Biedak

Melissa Biedak


On Key

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