Blood Borne Diseases

What is a Blood Borne Disease?

A blood borne disease is a micro-organism that is present in human blood and can infect and cause disease in people who are exposed to the blood containing the pathogens. These micro-organisms can be transmitted through contact with contaminated blood and body fluids.

Blood borne diseases include, but are not limited to:

  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  • Hepatitis B (HBV)
  • Hepatitis C (HCV)


How is a Blood Borne Disease Transmitted?

The risk of transmitting a serious disease such as hepatitis B and C and HIV can occur when using razors, blades, scissors and nail clippers, which can abrade the skin and/or cut accidentally. Contaminated instruments can transfer infection directly to the blood of another individual (for example, the operator or next client) if that individual has open cuts, sores or broken skin.

Blood borne diseases are transmitted when contaminated blood or body fluids enter the body of another person. Transmission mostly occurs through:

  • An accidental puncture by a sharp object, such as cuticle cutters, nail files, nail clippers and other “sharps” contaminated with the infected blood.
  • Contact between broken or damaged skin and infected body fluids
  • Contact with unsterile equipment with infected blood on it.
  • Contact between mucous membranes and infected body fluids.

Unbroken skin forms an impervious barrier against blood borne pathogens. However, infected blood or body fluids can enter your system through:

  • Open sores
  • Cuts
  • Abrasions
  • Any sort of damaged or broken skin such as sunburn or blisters

Blood borne pathogens can also be transmitted through the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, or mouth. For example, a splash of contaminated blood to your eye, nose, or mouth could result in transmission.

How are Blood Borne Diseases Prevented?

To avoid contracting a blood borne disease it is best to:

  • Avoid going to nail and beauty salons if you have broken or damaged skin.
  • Only use sterile nail equipment. Instruments being used on you should be sterilised and free from dirt and disease. If you are in doubt do not risk it or at the least take your own sterile throw away instruments to be used on you.
  • Make sure the technicians are wearing gloves when using razors or scalpels on your feet as this will protect you from the transference of diseases should you be cut by accident.
  • Make sure that all salon equipment is free from nail dust and appears clean and tidy. If you are unsure about the cleanliness of foot spas, do not risk it or ask for it to be cleaned while you are waiting.

How are Blood Borne Diseases treated?

Because of the nature of blood borne diseases there is limited treatment once infection has occurred. However, at Medical Pedicure we have trained Podiatrists that can provide safe and hygenic foot treatment.

For treatment of blood borne disease, call Medical Pedicure on (03) 8645 9888, or click here for our online booking form.